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英语八大时态结构和八大时态的被动语态结构

236 2023-08-08 09:51 行为学   手机版

内容摘要:【八大时态的被动语态结构】热度:69

一、英语八大时态结构

英语的八大时态包括一般现在时、一般过去时、现在进行时、过去进行时、现在完成时、过去完成时、一般将来时、过去将来时

英语八大时态结构
时态 结构 例句
一般现在时 主语 + 动词原形 I eat an apple every day.
一般过去时 主语 + 动词过去式 They visited their grandparents last weekend.
现在进行时 主语 + am/is/are + 动词-ing形式 She is studying in the library.
过去进行时 主语 + was/were + 动词-ing形式 He was watching TV when I called him.
现在完成时 主语 + have/has + 动词过去分词 We have finished our homework.
过去完成时 主语 + had + 动词过去分词 She had already left when we arrived.
一般将来时 主语 + will/shall + 动词原形 They will go on a trip next month.
过去将来时 主语 + would/should + have + 动词过去分词 He said he would help us with the project.

1、一般现在时

定义:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。常和often、always等连用。

结构:主语+be(am/are/is)+或者是主语+实义动词/三单动词+

例句:
I go to school every day.我每天都去上学。
She goes to school every day. 她每天都上学。

2、一般过去时

定义:表示过去某一时候或某一段时间所发生了的事情或存在的状态。常和last week、yesterday等连用。

结构:主语+be(was/were)+或者是主语+实义动词过去式+

例句:I went to the zoo yesterday. 我昨天去动物园了。

3、现在进行时

定义:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。常和now等连用。

结构:主语+助动词be(am/are/is)+动词-ing形式+

例句:I'm doing my homework. 我在做作业。

4、过去进行时

定义:表示在过去某个时间点发生或进行的行为的事情。常和at this time yesterday等或以when引导的谓语动词连用。

结构:主语+助动词be(was/were)+动词-ing形式+

例句:When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining. 我到达山顶时,阳光灿烂。

5、现在完成时

定义:表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果或过去的动作或状态持续到现在。

构成:主语+助动词(have/has)+动词过去分词+

例句:I have lived here for more than twenty years. 我住在这儿二十多年了。

6、过去完成时

定义:表示在过去某一时刻或动作以前完成了的动作,也可以说过去的时间关于过去的动作。

构成:主语+助动词(have/has)+动词过去分词+

例句:She said she had never been to Paris. 她告诉我她曾去过巴黎。

7、一般将来时

定义:表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态,或将来某一段时间内经常的动作或状态。

结构:主语+助动词will+动原+或者是主语+begoingto+动原+

例句:They will go to visit the factory tomorrow. 明天他们将去厂参观工厂。

8、过去将来时

定义:表示在过去某个时间看来将要发生的动作或存在的状态。

结构:主语(第一人称)+助动词should+动原+或者是主语+would+动原+或者是主语+was/weregoingto+动原…

例句:He told me he would go to Beijing. 他告诉我他将去北京。

二、八大时态的被动语态结构

八大时态的被动语态结构:be+实意动词+ing 这样的结构可能不够清楚易懂,还不如举些例子来说明:

八大时态的被动语态结构
时态 结构 例句
一般现在时 主语 + am/is/are + 被动语态动词过去分词 The book is read by John.
一般过去时 主语 + was/were + 被动语态动词过去分词 The letter was sent by the post office.
一般将来时 主语 + will/shall + be + 被动语态动词过去分词 The package will be delivered tomorrow.
现在进行时 主语 + am/is/are + being + 被动语态动词过去分词 The car is being repaired by the mechanic.
现在完成时 主语 + have/has been + 被动语态动词过去分词 The report has been written by the team.
过去进行时 主语 + was/were + being + 被动语态动词过去分词 The house was being painted by the workers.
过去完成时 主语 + had been + 被动语态动词过去分词 The cake had been eaten before I arrived.
将来完成时 主语 + will/shall + have been + 被动语态动词过去分词 By the time they arrive, the work will have been done.

被动语态的八种基本结构如下:

1、一般现在时:is/am/are+过去分词

例句:I water the flowers. The fowers are watered .

2、一般过去时:was/were+过去分词

例句:I watered the flowers. The flowers were watered.

3、一般将来时:will/shall+be+过去分词

例句:I shall(will) water the flowers. The flowers will be watered.

4、现在进行时:am/is/are+being+过去分词

例句:I am watering the flowers. The flowers are being watered.

5、现在完成时:has/have+been+过去分词

例句:I have watered the flowers. The flowers have been watered.

6、过去进行时:was/were+being+过去分词

例句:I was watering the flowers by this time yesterday. The flowers were watered by this time yesterday.

7、过去完成时:had+been+过去分词

例句::I had watered the flowers. The flowers had been watered.

8、将来完成时:shall/will+have done

例句:They will have been married for 20 years by then.

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